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2005 John Marshall Silver Dollar Coin
CoinTrapTM Commentary: The Honorable John Marshall was sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court on February 4, 1801. This is the first US coin that features a Supreme Court Justice.
In 1803, shortly after becoming Chief Justice, the Supreme Court announced its opinion in Marbury v. Madison, cited frequently even today. In this decision, the Court asserted that the judicial branch has the authority to judge the validity of an Act of Congress, and if necessary, overturn the Act if not in conformity with the United States Constitution. The doctrine of judicial review, while further developed over the years, was fundamentally established in the Marbury v. Madison decision, and is now an essential principle of U.S. constitutional law. John Marshall also wrote many important opinions establishing the supremacy of national law and the authority of the Constitution.
On the 250th anniversary of his birth, the 2005 John Marshall Silver Dollar Coin is a lasting commemoration of his important role in the development of modern constitutional law, a model for which would be duplicated around the world.
The reverse of the coin illustrates a profile of John Marshall and the reverse shows a view of the old Supreme Court Chamber.
Coin Value: What is the value of your John Marshall Silver Dollar coin? The easiest answer is always: it depends. The John Marshall Silver Dollar coin worth or value depends on these main factors: (1) your coin’s grade, (2) whether it is a proof coin (Deep Cameo or DCAM) having a mirror-like polished finish, and (3) scarcity/demand. Regarding your coin’s grade, it has become a standard in the field of numismatics (coin collecting) to grade coins on a point-scale from 1 (poor) to 70 (perfect). This is also referred to as the “Mint State” or just “MS” for short. Click here to find the up-to-date estimated value of your John Marshall Silver dollar coin from the Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS®), which takes all three factors mentioned above into account*. If you do not know the grade of your John Marshall Silver coin, you can take it to your local coin dealer and ask that they have it graded at one of the three major coin grading services.
Obverse - John Marshall Silver Dollar Coin
Engraver: John Mercanti
Reverse - John Marshall Silver Dollar Coin
Engraver: Donna Weaver
United States Mint images. CoinTrap.com is not affiliated with the United States Government in any way. Click here for terms and conditions.
[[Page 118 STAT. 1021]]
Public Law 108-290
To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in commemoration
of Chief Justice John Marshall. <<NOTE: Aug. 6, 2004 - [H.R. 2768]>>
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: John Marshall
Commemorative Coin Act. 31 USC 5112 note.>>
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``John Marshall Commemorative Coin
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
The Congress hereby finds as follows:
(1) John Marshall served as the Chief Justice of the United
States Supreme Court from 1801 to 1835, the longest tenure of
any Chief Justice in the Nation's history.
(2) John Marshall authored more than 500 opinions, including
virtually all of the most important cases decided by the Supreme
Court during his tenure.
(3) Under his leadership, the Supreme Court of the United
States gave shape to the fundamental principles of the
Constitution, most notably the principle of judicial review.
(4) John Marshall's service to the United States--not only
as a Chief Justice, but also as a soldier in the Revolutionary
War, as a Member of Congress, and as Secretary of State--truly
makes him one of the most important figures in our Nation's
SEC. 3. COIN SPECIFICATIONS.
(a) Denomination.--In commemoration of the 250th anniversary of the
birth of Chief Justice John Marshall, the Secretary of the Treasury
(hereafter in this Act referred to as the ``Secretary'') shall mint and
issue not more than 400,000 $1 coins, each of which shall--
(1) weigh 26.73 grams;
(2) have a diameter of 1.500 inches; and
(3) contain 90 percent silver and 10 percent copper.
(b) Legal Tender.--The coins minted under this Act shall be legal
tender, as provided in section 5103 of title 31, United States Code.
(c) Numismatic Items.--For purposes of sections 5134 and 5136 of
title 31, United States Code, all coins minted under this Act shall be
considered to be numismatic items.
SEC. 4. DESIGN OF COINS.
(a) Design Requirements.--
[[Page 118 STAT. 1022]]
(1) In general.--The design of the coins minted under this
Act shall be emblematic of Chief Justice John Marshall and his
immeasurable contributions to the Constitution of the United
States and the Supreme Court of the United States.
(2) Designation and inscriptions.--On each coin minted under
this Act there shall be--
(A) a designation of the value of the coin;
(B) an inscription of the year ``2005''; and
(C) inscriptions of the words ``Liberty'', ``In God
We Trust'', ``United States of America'', and ``E
(b) Selection.--The design for the coins minted under this Act shall
(1) selected by the Secretary after consultation with the
Commission of Fine Arts, and the Supreme Court Historical
(2) reviewed by the Citizens Coin Advisory Committee.
SEC. 5. ISSUANCE OF COINS.
(a) Quality of Coins.--Coins minted under this Act shall be issued
in uncirculated and proof qualities.
(b) Mint Facility.--Only 1 facility of the United States Mint may be
used to strike any particular quality of the coins minted under this
(c) Commencement of Issuance.--The Secretary may issue coins minted
under this Act beginning January 1, 2005.
(d) Termination of Minting Authority.--No coins may be minted under
this Act after December 31, 2005.
SEC. 6. SALE OF COINS.
(a) Sale Price.--The coins issued under this Act shall be sold by
the Secretary at a price equal to the sum of--
(1) the face value of the coins;
(2) the surcharge provided in section 7(a) with respect to
such coins; and
(3) the cost of designing and issuing the coins (including
labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, overhead expenses,
marketing, and shipping).
(b) Bulk Sales.--The Secretary shall make bulk sales of the coins
issued under this Act at a reasonable discount.
(c) Prepaid Orders.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary shall accept prepaid orders
for the coins minted under this Act before the issuance of such
(2) Discount.--Sale prices with respect to prepaid orders
under paragraph (1) shall be at a reasonable discount.
(d) Marketing.--The Secretary, in cooperation with the Legacy Fund
of the Library of Congress, shall develop and implement a marketing
program to promote and sell the coins issued under this Act both within
the United States and internationally.
SEC. 7. SURCHARGES.
(a) In General.--All sales of coins minted under this Act shall
include a surcharge of $10 per coin.
(b) Distribution.--Subject to section 5134(f) of title 31, United
States Code, all surcharges received by the Secretary from the sale of
coins issued under this Act shall be promptly paid by
[[Page 118 STAT. 1023]]
the Secretary to the Supreme Court Historical Society for the purposes
(1) supporting historical research and educational programs
about the Supreme Court and the Constitution of the United
States and related topics;
(2) supporting fellowship programs, internships, and docents
at the Supreme Court; and
(3) collecting and preserving antiques, artifacts, and other
historical items related to the Supreme Court and the
Constitution of the United States and related topics.
(c) Audits.--The Supreme Court Historical Society shall be subject
to the audit requirements of section 5134(f)(2) of title 31, United
States Code, with regard to the amounts received by the Society under
(d) Limitation.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), no surcharge may be
included with respect to the issuance under this Act of any coin during
a calendar year if, as of the time of such issuance, the issuance of
such coin would result in the number of commemorative coin programs
issued during such year to exceed the annual 2 commemorative coin
program issuance limitation under section 5112(m)(1) of title 31, United
States Code (as in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act). The
Secretary of the Treasury may issue guidance to carry out this
Approved August 6, 2004.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 2768:
HOUSE REPORTS: No. 108-473, Pt. 1 (Comm. on Financial Services) and Pt.
2 (Comm. on Ways and Means).
Vol. 150 (2004):
July 14, considered and passed House.
July 20, considered and passed Senate.
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